Bird watching

Bird watching on the Tajo River

Monfragüe is one of the best places in Europe to observe birds and other species of wild animals.

The most emblematic bird, the black vulture with more than 300 pairs (it is estimated that they reach 400), the griffon vulture about 100 pairs, the imperial eagle about 12 pairs, the black stork and Egyptian vulture about 30 pairs, about 6-7 couples of golden eagle, Bonelli and some less, 3-4 the peregrine falcon.

Other species that can be observed are Bonelli’s eagles and road, the eagle owl, buzzard, these species are counted in a few dozen pairs.

The blue kite, goshawk and sparrow hawk are much harder to see, but the black kite is very common. Other birds of prey, red-breasted choughs, sparrows, swallows, redstart, swifts, red-billed chough, solitary rock thrush, etc.

The period that offers the easiest time to observe all the variety of birds is spring, between March and May. However, it is also the period with the greatest influx of visitors, especially on weekends and festive bridges during Holy Week and May. Anyway, any time of the year allows the observation of characteristic species, although in the months of July and August it is better to take advantage of the first and last hours of the day, because the central hours are usually very hot. Autumn and Winter have the incentive to incorporate non-breeding species in the area. Finally, between September and October there is the spectacular roaring of the abundant deer in the area.

Black vulture
(Aegypius monachus)

The average size of this species is 250 cm, although cases of individuals that could have reached three meters have been mentioned. This species is monogamous and nests in trees or rocks. Each year the couple returns to the same nest they have used year after year. The female lays a single egg that the couple incubates in turns for 55 days.

Griffon Vulture
(Gyps fulvus)

One of the largest carrion raptors of the peninsula that is concentrated in large numbers in the Park and lives with the black vulture (Gyps fulvus) in serious danger of extinction and the Egyptian vulture.

Imperial Eagle
(Aquila adalberti)

It is one of the endemic birds of the Iberian Peninsula, it is a very threatened bird, in 2011 it was estimated a population of about 300 pairs. The plumage is very dark brown throughout the body, except in the shoulders and the upper part of the wings, white. The nape is slightly paler than other parts of the body, and the tail darker, with no clear bands or white lines.

Egyptian vulture
(Neophron percnopterus)

This vulture is one of the last to go to carrion. When other older species have already finished, the Egyptian vulture feeds on skins and remains of meat that are hooked between the bones that also engulfs, after breaking them with the beak and throwing them against the rocks.


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